Alexander the Great’s crossing of the River Granicus in late Spring 334 B.C. and his victory over Persia there. None of this is verified internally to the Bible accounting for itself, as the critics often complain, this book places God’s predictions precisely on the timeline of world history verified from extra biblical historical accounts. World history, indeed, shows after this Alexander died from a disease in Asia (first horn broken off) and the four Seleucid (Greek) kings emerged. In prophecy there is usually a shorter term fulfillment to show the prophet’s words were authentic then a longer term meaning or meanings toward the distant future as in Daniel, the “end of days.” These events of Alexander and Epiphanes, are aside from the primary purpose in the prophecy. The angel Gabriel here explaining the vision Daniel saw and wrote down in Daniel 8: 1-12, with 13, 14 and thereafter the angels explaining Alexander, four kings and one of them giving rise to the man of intrigue, Epiphanes, (primary purpose, abomination of desolation. Not Epiphanes himself) who placed an altar to Zeus, called the “abomination of desolation”, over the holy of holies in the Jewish Temple, in Jerusalem and he sacrificed a pig there. People of weak reading skills claim Epiphanes is the point, however, Jesus in Matthew 24 speaks of the “abomination of desolation” (an it, not a he, as in Daniel also it is “set up” altars are set up not men).